Econet Wireless Zimbabwe Limited 2009 Presentation

first_imgEconet Wireless Zimbabwe Limited (ECO.zw) listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Technology sector has released it’s 2009 presentation For more information about Econet Wireless Zimbabwe Limited (ECO.zw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Econet Wireless Zimbabwe Limited (ECO.zw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Econet Wireless Zimbabwe Limited (ECO.zw)  2009 presentation Company ProfileEconet Wireless Zimbabwe is a diversified telecommunications group; it is the largest enterprise of its kind in Zimbabwe and the largest company on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange in terms of market capitalisation. Econet Wireless Zimbabwe provides products and solutions for mobile and fixed wireless telephony, public payphones, internet access and payment solutions. In 2009, Econet Wireless Zimbabwe became the first operator in Zimbabwe to launch data services with 3G capability. This was followed by an extensive project to expand its geographic coverage; building a fibre-optic network, providing financial transaction switching and point-of-sale and value-added retail support services. The company is a subsidiary of a privately-owned group controlled by its founder, Strive Masiyiwa. The group’s subsidiaries include Econet Global, Econet Wireless Africa, Econet Wireless International, Econet Enterprises, Liquid Telecom Group and Econet Media.last_img read more

Nairobi Business Venture Limited (NBV.ke) 2017 Annual Report

first_imgNairobi Business Venture Limited (NBV.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Retail sector has released it’s 2017 annual report.For more information about Nairobi Business Venture Limited (NBV.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Nairobi Business Venture Limited (NBV.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Nairobi Business Venture Limited (NBV.ke)  2017 annual report.Company ProfileNairobi Business Venture (NBV) Limited deals primarily in the sale of imported leather shoes and leather accessories which are rebranded und the name KShoes (previously ‘Kwanza’ shoes). The shoes and accessories are imported from China and India and rebranded for the Kenyan domestic market. NBV has six retail outlets selling KShoes in prime locations in Nairobi. The company has ventured into manufacturing its own leather products and has embarked on an accelerated expansion drive which will see it roll out more than 25 stores over the next half decade. Nairobi Business Venture Limited is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more

Championship blog: Round 12 wrap

first_imgCarnegie’s points came from five Glyn Hughes penalties.The GKIPA Championship takes a two-week break for a return to British & Irish Cup action. LEEDS, ENGLAND – JANUARY 06: Ruairi Cushion of Plymouth in action during the RFU Championship match between Leeds Carnegie and Plymouth Albion at Headingley Carnegie Stadium on January 6, 2013 in Leeds, England. (Photo by Gareth Copley/Getty Images) Rotherham 35, Cornish Pirates 30Pirates pulled back as Titans tighten tacklesThe award for comeback of the week goes to Rotherham who chased down a deficit of 24-0 to bag a bonus point win at Clifton Road on Saturday.The Cornishmen were 24-0 ahead after 27 minutes thanks to tries from Craig Holland, Tom Riley and Tom Kessell, all converted by Holland, who also banged over a penalty in the second minute.However, the introduction of Laurence Pearce stiffened the hosts’ collective backbone and put some resolve into Rotherham’s soft-shouldered defence. Pearce crossed to get the Titans’ side of the scoreboard moving before Jack Roberts finished off a breath-taking Rotherham counter-attack.  Then inspirational hooker Ben Sowrey completed Michael Keating’s break to cut the visitors’ lead to two before Keating himself dotted down for Juan Pablo Socina to convert. Pablo, the division’s top points scorer by a country mile, then added two further penalties to sink the Pirates.The only scorer: Ruari Cushion dotted downPlymouth Albion 14, Leeds Carnegie 15Leeds survive drop goal attempts at deathPlymouth pushed third placed Leeds all the way and almost secured victory when Declan Cusack’s second late long range drop goal attempt passed inches beneath the bar.In an uninspiring game at Brickfields, which Leeds head coach Jimmy Lowes felt was marred by Albion being allowed to slow Carnegie ball down, the hosts scored the only try of the clash when scrum-half Ruairi Cushion crossed from a five-metre scrum. The Greene King IPA Championship: Here’s you’re next instalment from England’s competitive second tierBy Richard GraingerJUST FOUR points separate the top four clubs, while a relegation dogfight finally gets underway at the other end of the table, following the final matches in week 12 of the Greene King IPA Championship.Nottingham 27, Ealing Trailfinders 28Trailfinders find path to victory at Meadow LaneDespite a hat-trick from skipper Brent Wilson at Meadow Lane on Sunday, Nottingham slipped to their eighth defeat as Ealing fashioned a second win with three first half tries and epic defence after the break. Sides in the relegation zone target their home games, but Ealing have given their survival hopes a massive boost with away wins against the two teams ahead of them. With Jersey and Nottingham still to visit Vallis Way in the spring, the division’s new boys now have every chance of securing a second season of GKIPA rugby.Hat-trick hero: Nottingham captain Brent WilsonRonnie McLean scored a brace for the visitors, and the prolific Phil Chesters crossed for Ealing’s third before the break. Leading 15-25 at the turnaround, Trailfinders had to weather the predicted Nottingham storm, but Ben Ward’s penalty meant that Wilson’s third try was only sufficient to give the Green and Whites a losing bonus point.Jersey 26, London Welsh 33Welsh return to winning waysJersey’s spirited late fightback wasn’t quite enough to inflict a third consecutive defeat on London Welsh, whose win at St Peter on Saturday retuned them to the top of the division.Mitch Lees crashed over for the Exiles in the fourth minute then Joe Ajuna barged through heavy traffic to score eleven minutes later. Alex Davies was on target with the conversions and rounded off Mike Denbee’s 26th minute try to give the visitors a commanding 21-0 lead.Head coach Justin Burrell was happy with the Exiles’ win saying: “It was all about performance for us today and for 60 minutes we got a performance which had been lacking over the last couple of weeks.”But it took four second-half penalties from Davies to stave off a spirited Jersey comeback that gathered momentum with a yellow card for No 8 Oli Stedman. Jersey pressure at scrum-time led to a penalty try to bring them within seven and secure a valuable bonus point. LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALSlast_img read more

Carnesale to be honored by Apopka Boy Scouts

first_img Please enter your name here The Anatomy of Fear LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply TAGSApopka Fire Chief Chuck CarnesaleGolden Eagle Award Previous articleThe Apopka Voice Townhall Seat #2 tonightNext articleApopka CRA decisions prove that Florida CRA’s are irretrievably broken Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR March 2, 2018 at 10:34 am From the City of Apopka Public Information OfficeApopka Fire Chief Chuck Carnesale will be honored by the local Boy Scouts of America at a special Golden Eagle Dinner at 7 p.m. May 1st at Highland Manor.Carnesale was promoted to Fire Chief in June 2016. He served as assistant fire chief since 2013, heading up the fire department’s emergency medical and ambulance services. He is certified as a firefighter, EMT/paramedic, fire officer, fire inspector and instructor in various fields.Apopka Fire Chief Chuck CarnesaleHe joined the Apopka Fire Department’s Explorer program in 1983 at the age of 13. He graduated from Lake Brantley High School in 1989 – the same year he completed the fire academy/ EMT school and earned a part-time job with Apopka as an emergency dispatcher/911 operator.Carnesale earned a full-time position the next year, and by 1990 he was hired as a full-time firefighter/EMT. In the year 2000, he was recognized by then Gov. Jeb Bush as Apopka’s Firefighter of the Year.He was promoted to engineer in 2001, lieutenant in 2005, captain and EMS coordinator in 2006 and assistant fire chief in 2013. Carnesale attended Seminole State and Valencia colleges, Florida State Fire College and the National Fire Academy in Emmitsburg, MD.Carnesale has supported the Boy Scouts and assisted with several of their community improvement projects in recent years. 1 COMMENT Mama Mia Please enter your comment!center_img Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Congratulations Apopka Fire Chief Carnesale! What a nice guy! And how about that Boy Scout project of the new bridge at Dream Lake Park? It is so nice looking, and really attractive…..I am in total awe of how it turned out. I admit I had my doubts, when I saw the first framework go up, of the bridge, and it looked a little out of balance, to the two different sides, but hey, what do I know about carpentry? I can’t nail a nail straight in a wall….ha ha. Great job, and the bridge is beautiful and turned out fabulous, and Fire Chief Carnesale deserves the Boy Scout’s honor of the Golden Eagle dinner! Reply Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate last_img read more

Home^Dome House / Idoia otegui_arquitectura

first_img “COPY” Houses Spain Idoia otegui Home^Dome House / Idoia otegui_arquitectura ArchDaily Area:  1453 ft² Year Completion year of this architecture project Lead Architect: Architects: Idoia otegui_arquitectura Area Area of this architecture project Year:  Save this picture!© Imagen Subliminal (Miguel de Guzmán + Rocío Romero)+ 39Curated by Clara Ott Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/946614/home-dome-house-idoia-otegui-arquitectura Clipboard Projects 2019 Photographs:  Imagen Subliminal (Miguel de Guzmán + Rocío Romero) Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Design Team:Manuel sánchez, paula anguitaClients:ParticularLandscape:Fronda Builder:Concrete MixerCity:MadridCountry:SpainMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Imagen Subliminal (Miguel de Guzmán + Rocío Romero)Recommended ProductsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System –  LINEAEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesRodecaRound Facade at Omnisport Arena ApeldoornMetallicsTECU®Copper Surface – Classic CoatedMetallicsKriskadecorMetal Fabric – Outdoor CladdingText description provided by the architects. In the traditional neighborhood of Chamberí we find a huge dome 10 meters high that crowns a small squared space with two terraces on both sides, connected to the main floor on the lower level. A symmetrical house staggered in 3 heights that gives us the opportunity to carry out a comprehensive reform, where on the rectangular ground floor we will place the most public uses of kitchen / dining room / living room / in a single space, and behind a smooth and clean sliding door it It hides a Chinese cabinet that surprises with its dense decoration, and which in turn serves as a work space and a guest rom.Save this picture!© Imagen Subliminal (Miguel de Guzmán + Rocío Romero)Save this picture!© Imagen Subliminal (Miguel de Guzmán + Rocío Romero)Save this picture!© Imagen Subliminal (Miguel de Guzmán + Rocío Romero)Above the central space on the upper floor, the en-suite bedroom, crowned by the cupola, which can only be accessed by a delicate cat staircase made of corrugated pipe that climbs up to access a space of 10 meters height that has the power and beauty of being useless … a space without a name, without use, a Follie, an extravagance, a useless, sublime luxury, where serious and conventional uses of the home have no place.Save this picture!© Imagen Subliminal (Miguel de Guzmán + Rocío Romero)Behind the bedroom, an unconventional bathroom of only 1 meter wide and 10 meters long, which correlatively includes all the functions that a space dedicated to the enjoyment of cleanliness and water can desire; the toilet with a reading area, decorated with a built-in staircase that the painters forgot and necessary to access the cabinets 4 meters high; the sink embedded in a lighted niche where you look handsome and powerful at the start of the day; a large shower / balcony that flies and jumps over the stairs, with views of the bedroom and the Sierra de Madrid; a sliding glass door that allows you to shower indoors in the morning sunlight or with the door open to the south-facing outside terrace; an outdoor shower to shower outdoors on those sunny days in Madrid from February to October; and finally an outdoor pool or bathtub with hot water and a solarium area for sunbathing. You cannot ask for more!!!!Save this picture!© Imagen Subliminal (Miguel de Guzmán + Rocío Romero)Save this picture!SectionSave this picture!© Imagen Subliminal (Miguel de Guzmán + Rocío Romero)On the north terrace, the summer dining room, in the shade of the dome, a fully equipped outdoor kitchen and a large table to invite friends. 140 meters where you can enjoy alone or share and surprise with one of the best views of Madrid from one of its most iconic domes.Save this picture!© Imagen Subliminal (Miguel de Guzmán + Rocío Romero)Save this picture!© Imagen Subliminal (Miguel de Guzmán + Rocío Romero)Project gallerySee allShow lessArouca’s House / Ana de Bastos + Filipe Xavier OliveiraSelected ProjectsOslo Residential Complex / Reiulf Ramstad ArchitectsSelected Projects Share Manufacturers: Flos, Gunni&Trentino, Hisbalit, Ikea, Maisons du Monde, Seletti, Abastvent, Aluminios San Nicolas, Fronda, GGM, La Europea, La Redoute, Liciole, Masabo, Naturcer, Rovira Link, Rug Vista, Super Hermetic, Westwing, Wow mestizaje zellige decor, +2Zara Home, showood-2 CopyAbout this officeIdoia otegui_arquitecturaOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesRefurbishmentRenovationInterior DesignResidential InteriorsHouse InteriorsMadridOn FacebookSpainPublished on September 04, 2020Cite: “Home^Dome House / Idoia otegui_arquitectura” [Casa Home^Dome / Idoia otegui_arquitectura] 04 Sep 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogAluminium CompositesTechnowoodHow to Design a Façade with AluProfile Vertical ProfilesGlassMitrexSolar GreenhouseMetal PanelsAurubisOxidized Copper: Nordic BrownDoorsEGGERWood Laminate Doors in Molecular Plant Science InstituteStonesCosentinoSurfaces – Silestone® Nebula SeriesWall / Ceiling LightsLouis PoulsenLamp – LP RiplsWood Boards / HPL PanelsBruagRoom Dividers – Partition Wall MDFStonesNeolithSintered Stone – Mar del PlataWindowspanoramah!®ah! SecurityPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesULMA Architectural SolutionsMIS Facade PanelCarpetsFabromont AGTextile Floor Covering – Orbital® 07 COLORpunkt®LightsNorka lightingLuminaire – BelfastMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream CopyHouses, Renovation, House Interiors•Madrid, Spain “COPY” Photographs ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/946614/home-dome-house-idoia-otegui-arquitectura Clipboard Home^Dome House / Idoia otegui_arquitecturaSave this projectSaveHome^Dome House / Idoia otegui_arquitecturalast_img read more

DMA publishes best practice guidelines on e-mail marketing

first_imgDMA publishes best practice guidelines on e-mail marketing About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis The guide provides a useful summary of the key issues involved in e-mail marketing.The guide is available at no charge in Adobe Acrobat format (PDF). The Direct Marketing Association (DMA) has published a free guide on best practice in using e-mail as a marketing tool.The 41-page document has been developed by the Email Marketing Council, part of the DMA, to help stimulate the positive development of e-mail as an effective marketing medium;reinforce the key legislative issues that organisations should be aware of whenusing e-mail; and to share examples and practical advice on how organisations can maximise their results from using e-mail.The guide covers collecting and managing data, tips on running e-mail campaigns, reporting and measuring campaigns, international issues, and complaints and dispute resolution. There are also appendices on the legal and regulatory requirements and on technical deliverability issues. Advertisementcenter_img Tagged with: Digital Howard Lake | 30 September 2004 | News  26 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThislast_img read more

Fundratios reports continued rise in committed giving

 23 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 28 March 2005 | News This increase is due to face-to-face recruitment, which accounted for 10% of new donors, and door drops which provided 20%, as well as direct mail, telemarketing and door-to-door.Andrew Watt, Deputy Chief Executive and Head of Policy and Standards at the Institute of Fundraising, says: “Income may have soared, but so too have the costs, reflecting the level of initial investment needed to secure new long-term, committed donors. Long-term investment in securing committed income underpinning organisations’ viability is the trend that emerges from this year’s Fundratios study.”Corporate giving has also experienced strong growth of 8% over the year reflecting the improvement in corporate performance during that time. Growth in legacy income has, however, slowed, coinciding with increased investment in promoting legacies as a means of giving; as a result, income has fallen in relation to investment. Indeed, legacy income growth in three of the past five years has been below 2%.Trust income has declined too, with more than half of all charities reporting lower income from this source.Fundratios is the charity fundraising benchmarking project co-ordinated by the Centre for Interfirm Comparison (CIFC) in partnership with the Institute of Fundraising. Part of this year’s Fundratios survey included a pilot study with Charities Aid Foundation (CAF) of 13 Scotland-based charities, with a total voluntary income of £31 million. This study shows a particularly strong area of growth (16.8%) amongst charities in Scotland, contributing 10.8% of total UK voluntary income.Although the national study indicated a fall in local fundraising income, Scottish charities succeeded in bucking this trend, with local fundraising yielding an average of 15.6% of all voluntary income. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Tagged with: Research / statistics Fundratios reports continued rise in committed giving The latest results from the annual Fundratios survey reveal that while voluntary income is growing by an average 3.4%, committed giving has grown by 14.7% over the past year.The latest Fundatios research was completed at the end of 2004, and analysed the fundraising results of 41 charities with a combined voluntary income of £1.4 billion.Committed giving had not only grown significantly over the previous year, but it had also enjoyed sustained growth, with an average growth of 17% per annum over the last five years. Advertisement About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. read more

NYC protesters target DHS dinner in Rockefeller Center

first_imgChanting “No more kids in cages! Stop the deportations!” and “No ban on stolen land!” protesters marched around the plaza at Rockefeller Center in New York. At one point, they pushed through a police barricade, took the bleachers and hung a banner over the wall which declared: “Close the Detention Centers Now. Open the Borders. Asylum for Refugees.”They were protesting there July 11 because the National Homeland Security Conference, an annual event aimed at creating propaganda to promote the Department of Homeland Security and private security contractors who are responsible for the detention and deportation of millions of immigrants, was holding a dinner inside Rockefeller Center. As conference attendees gathered in the sunken area at the center of the plaza, where the ice rink is in the winter, protesters sent them a loud message.The newly formed group FIRE (Fight for Im/migrants and Refugees Everywhere) called the demonstration. FIRE’s goal is to get rid of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, dismantle concentration camps holding immigrants and tear down any racist border wall that Trump tries to build. Many people passing by showed their support for the protest, which was taking place as children snatched from their parents at the border remain locked up in detention centers, terrified because of the violent separation.— Report and photo by Brenda RyanFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Journalist Nguyen Vu Binh re-arrested

first_img Reporters Without Borders has launched a solemn appeal to Vietnam’s Public Security Minister, Lieutenant General Le Minh Huong, calling for the release of Nguyen Vu Binh, arrested on 25 September for the second time in three months. “We appeal to the authorities to show clemency with regard to Nguyen Vu Binh, and to dispel any doubts as to the conditions under which he is being detained,” stated the organisation’s Secretary-General, Robert Ménard. He added that “the pressures of all kinds that are being put on Internet users who peacefully express their opinions cannot be tolerated”. Police entered Mr Nguyen’s home during the evening of 25 September in order to carry out a search, and confiscated some of his personal belongings. The journalist was arrested and is most probably being detained in prison B 14, in the district of Thanh Tri, about ten kilometres from Hanoï.A contributor to Tap Chi Cong San (the Communist newspaper magazine), Mr Nguyen had been dismissed in January 2001 because of his attempts to found an independent political party. Since then he has written articles criticising the Vietnamese government’s policy. Mr Nguyen was briefly questioned by police on 19 July, after sending a written statement to participants at an American human rights conference in Washington DC. Although he was released the following day, he was immediately put, and has remained until today, under house arrest and close surveillance by police, to whom he had to report daily. In August, he joined twenty other writers and dissidents in signing a petition addressed to the Vietnamese government, calling for legal reforms and for the establishment of an independent anti-corruption agency. The authorities have made no official declaration concerning the reasons for Mr Nguyen’s arrest, but it could be linked to the online publication last month of one of his critical essays, entitled “Some Thoughts on the China-Vietnam Border Agreement”. A sensitive issue, this border treaty signed in December 1999 has already been the subject of frequent criticism by Vietnamese dissidents. Reporters Without Borders reminds readers that Le Chi Quang, a computer science lecturer and graduate of the law faculty, has been incarcerated in Hanoi, since 21 February, also for having criticised this same treaty in an Internet publication.Three cyber-dissidents are currently in prison in Vietnam. Reporters Without Borders wishes to underline that Dr Pham Hong Son, the date of whose release is still unknown, was arrested for having translated and published on the Internet an article entitled “What is democracy?”, taken from the web site of the United States’ embassy in Vietnam. As for Tran Khue, he is still reported to be under house arrest. Follow the news on Vietnam Receive email alerts Organisation to go further RSF laureates support jailed Vietnamese journalist Pham Doan Trang Help by sharing this information Three more independent reporters arrested in Vietnam April 22, 2021 Find out more September 27, 2002 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Journalist Nguyen Vu Binh re-arrested Newscenter_img VietnamAsia – Pacific Vietnam sentences journalist Tran Thi Tuyet Dieu to eight years in prison April 27, 2021 Find out more News April 7, 2021 Find out more RSF_en VietnamAsia – Pacific News Newslast_img read more

Why Reporters Without Borders is not endorsing the Global Principles on Freedom of Expression and Privacy for ICT companies operating in Internet-restricting countries

first_img– 3 – Companies could still enter into business relationships (joint ventures, mergers) with local partners that do not follow the principles, then bypass the restrictions imposed by the principles and blame the local entity (such as Alibaba for Yahoo!) in case of violations of freedom of expression or collaboration for the arrest of dissidents. October 28, 2008 – Updated on January 25, 2016 Why Reporters Without Borders is not endorsing the Global Principles on Freedom of Expression and Privacy for ICT companies operating in Internet-restricting countries News Reporters Without Borders is concerned by several loopholes and weak language on the central points that may threaten the very implementation of these principles and justify the status quo. It also regrets the fact that some sensitive issues related to the monitoring process remain yet to be addressed. Here is an overview of the organization’s main concerns: – 2 – The extent to which companies are expected to challenge governments’ requests remains unclear. Requests in writing are sought but not mandatory. – 1 – Local law remains the reference even if it violates international human rights standards. Thus, participating companies will comply with repressive regimes who have at their disposal an arsenal of legal provisions aimed at silencing dissidents. The international press freedom organization recognizes the important work done by the participants of this multi-stakeholder initiative that gathers companies, academics, investors and NGOs. Nevertheless, after participating in the discussions for almost two years, Reporters Without Borders decided last September to withdraw from the discussions and to not endorse those principles. “Under these principles, another Shi Tao case is still possible” stated Reporters Without Borders referring to the jailed Chinese reporter whose verdict revealed that Yahoo ! gave some personal identifying information to the Chinese authorities. “We believe that, as of today, the best option to prevent IT companies from being forced to collaborate with the Web-censors in repressive countries remains to provide a legal framework for companies willing to resist governments’ requests that violate the international free speech standards, as the Global Online Freedom Act, introduced by Representative Chris Smith does for American IT firms”, commented the press freedom organization. “We will follow the implementation of the principles and are willing to continue to take part in this interesting collaboration and exchange of ideas, but in a different capacity. We stand ready to be, as a third party, of any assistance to the Initiative should our expertise or input be needed. We have been monitoring the free flow of online information for years and we will continue to denounce the obstacle to online free speech”, added Reporters Without Borders. The organization believes these principles are one step in the right direction, but they do not go far enough to provide a sufficient protection to freedom of expression on the Internet. – 5 – The assessors’ independence and impartiality as well as the extent to which companies’ will provide them with the necessary information to monitor developments remains uncertain.center_img – 4 – Disclosure to users and transparency regarding the type of personal information retained by ITC companies’ remains unsatisfactory.. Users have no assurances that companies will try to minimize data collection, nor do they know how long this data will be saved. The bill would ban companies from locating the servers containing this data and from providing information that identifies users, except in cases in which the law is being legitimately applied, to be decided by the US justice department. The US companies would also have to act transparently and transmit information about the type of censorship they apply to an interagency-staffed Office of Global Internet Freedom, which would have the job of defining US government policy for the promotion of the free flow of online information and monitoring violations. A feasibility study of technologies and equipment’s export control would also be made. The bill also promotes the idea of a voluntary code of conduct to be established for companies working in countries with repressive regimes. GOFA was approved by the House’s Foreign Affairs Committee in October 2007 and is now awaiting a floor vote. In July 2008, MEP Jules Maaten, initiated the European Global Online Freedom Act (EU GOFA), which was drafted out of the American GOFA, and whose goal is to protect European ICT firms doing business with répressive regimes. Organisation More on the GOFARead the EU-GOFA Reporters Without Borders has supported the Global Online Freedom Act (GOFA) since its birth. Introduced by Representative Chris Smith (R-NJ) in February 2006, it would protect American IT companies from being forced to collaborate with repressive regimes. The Act would prevent repressive governments – those that punish dissidents and human rights activists who exercise their right to online free expression – from accessing personal data through US companies. RSF_en Reporters Without Borders welcomes the adoption of the Global Principles on Freedom of Expression and Privacy as a first step towards ICT companies’ recognition of the importance of free expression while operating in Internet-restricting countries. The international press freedom organization recognizes the important work done by the participants of this multi-stakeholder initiative that gathers companies, academics, investors and NGOs. Nevertheless, after participating in the discussions for almost two years, Reporters Without Borders decided last September to withdraw from the discussions and to not endorse those principles. Help by sharing this informationlast_img read more