1. An automatic respirometer is described which has been developed to measure the rate of oxygen consumption by small arthropods in closed chambers. 2. The instrument removes 0.5 mul subsamples of air from the head space of specially designed sample chambers using a precision sampling valve and a motorized syringe. The prototype can monitor up to 10 sample chambers automatically over periods of several hours, using an electronic sequence switch to control the operation. 3. Oxygen concentration is measured using a coulometric fuel cell which produces an output signal directly proportional to the mass of oxygen passing over it and requires no calibration. The results are recorded on an integrator of the type commonly used with gas chromatographs. 4. The sensitivity of the respirometer is better than 1 mul h-1 when small chambers (1-2 ml) are monitored over 3-4 h. 5. The instrument is also capable of measuring the volume of the sample chambers to an accuracy of c. 2% allowing the volume of oxygen consumed by the sample to be calculated. 6. The instrument may be modified to measure the oxygen concentration in the head space of almost any container and would operate on a low-voltage DC supply for field operation.
It’s Time For City Council To Start Challenging The City Deficient Spending PracticesThe political circus at City Council budget hearings for 2017 have begun. We enjoy watching Finance Chairman Dan McGinn, President Missy Mosby, Vice President Jonathan Weaver and City Controller Russ Lloyd Jr do a “balancing act” with past due bills, advancement on future revenue and proposed tax increases they insist are “negligible”.In the current 2017 budget hearings we are waiting for members of City Council to start challenging the city deficient spending practices and do a better job in questioning the continued waste of our hard earned tax dollars by the Winnecke administration. We have become more concerned about the City’s finances with each passing City Council meeting,For over a year we suspected that the city finances were in bad shape. Last week City Council Finance Chairman Dan McGinn disclosed that the city finances are indeed in bad shape.Some Evansville residents are already struggling to hold on to their homes, buy medications, pay ever increasing utility bills, and put food on the table. Young families are scraping to save money for a down payment on a home to put down roots in a city that presently doesn’t have an over abundance of good-paying jobs.We have been saying for many months that the City of Evansville Employee Health care funding is in trouble and a day of reconvening is near. City Council is now telling us that Evansville is expected to have more income tax revenue than in previous years, but council leaders want to cut extraneous funding to reflect a sharp increase in Employee Health costs for city employees. The City’s Employee Health care plan for its employees is changing next year saving the city about $3.6 million. The cost savings to the city will increase the employees’ deductibles and out-of-pocket expense.The Mayor’s office budgeted $301,000 for nonprofits in 2017 and council leadership seemed in agreement. We are now hearing that City Council President Missy Mosby, D-2nd Ward has alleged that she’s being inundated with calls from city employees upset with the proposed changes to the 2017 Employee Health care plan. We wonder where in the world Ms Mosby has been for the last several years when she and fellow Council members voted for every spending request the Mayor submitted.Its time that Council make some tough choices in order to balance the budget, like laying some employees off, no pay increases for city council, and city employees together with department heads and the Mayor’s staff for 2017. Of course, delay the expansion on new exhibits for the Zoo, eliminating the funding of “political pork barrel” projects, make major reduction to city grants given to area not-for-profits, make cuts to sports grants, suspension of capital projects requested by department heads, put a freeze on hiring new employees for 2017, cut the proposed 2017 city budget by 2%. across the board and address the Employee Health care funding problems head on.The most important ingredient that we believe has been missing from the discussion about how to stretch the budget is simple; the city administration and the Council needs to adherence to the principle that requires transparency and a willingness to be innovative in order to promote local government efficiencies.Finally, it looks like former City Council member and Chairman of the Budget Committee John Friend CPA warning that major budget problems will be facing Council in 2017 was spot on!FOOTNOTE: The new slogan for City Council is ‘PENGUINS OVER CITY EMPLOYEES HEALTH INSURANCE”? FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
== Compass points to positive cost control ==Catering company Compass Group said it was managing food costs in its UK operations “through price increases, supply chain efficiencies and menu planning” in its trading update last week. Strong performance seen in the first three months of the current financial year had been carried on in the second quarter, it said, and it expected a favourable impact of around £6 million on operating profit from the movement of key currencies for the six months to 31 March.== South African bakery greets UK delegation ==Leading UK food safety experts visited Mantelli’s bakery in Westlake, Cape Town, when they went to South Africa to advise food and drinks companies ahead of the 2010 football World Cup. The delegation also met with Food Bev SETA, the South African equivalent of UK sector skills council Improve.Tesco takes time out on US store plansTesco has put its plans to roll out more Fresh & Easy stores in the US on hold for three months. Marketing director of Fresh & Easy Simon Uwins wrote on his weblog last week: “We’ve given ourselves a little time to…make improvements that customers have asked for.” Tesco opened its first US store last November and had planned to add a further 50 outlets in California, Nevada and Arizona by February this year.Co-op expands on store portfolioThe Co-operative Group has bought 10 convenience stores from Sainsbury’s, located in northern England and the Midlands. It will spend £2.5m refurbishing them. Co-op chief executive Peter Marks said the stores had “great potential”. Bake-off sections will be rolled out gradually to the stores.
The food industry has welcomed news that a ‘transition period’ will be implemented if the UK leaves the EU on New Year’s Eve 2020.The ‘ordered withdrawal’, announced yesterday by chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier and David Davis, secretary of state for exiting the European Union, is expected to be ratified by leaders of the other 27 countries at a European Council meeting on Friday.Draft legal text published by the UK Government confirmed Britain would no longer be members of the bloc at the end of March 2019 – signalling the end of the Article 50, which was triggered last March and gave Britain two years to leave the EU. The text also confirmed there would be a 21-month implementation period.“We welcome agreement between the UK and EU on a transition period that will allow continued free movement of people until at least 2020,” said Jim Winship, director of the British Sandwich Association.“This will provide some reassurance to the many food businesses that rely heavily on EU workers to maintain the food chain and the service levels we have come to expect. Businesses will also be assured by the signs that both parties are moving towards a longer-term agreement.“We hope the final agreement will be similarly flexible in terms of worker mobility, as our industry is very dependent on the availability of employees from the EU.”Alex Waugh, director general of The National Association of British & Irish Millers (Nabim), told British Baker he hoped the agreement would be signed off on Friday.“Nabim understands that the agreement means existing arrangements for business will remain in place until the end of 2020, meaning that there will be more time to plan for changes that will come thereafter,” he said.“The next stage will involve a huge amount of detailed work on the shape of the future relationship between the UK and the EU from 2021 onwards.“We hope this will result in an accord that avoids the introduction of tariffs and minimises regulatory issues around trade in grain, flour and bakery products, as both sides say they want.”Nabim and the Food & Drink Federation (FDF) last week flagged up concerns over tariffs on goods exported from the UK.Commenting on news of the transition period, Tate & Lyle Sugars senior vice-president Gerald Mason said: “It’s a significant achievement that the UK will be able to agree new trade agreements with other countries during the implementing period, as well as applying existing ones. For businesses like ours, which do the majority of our trade with the rest of the world, this is great news.”Ian Wright, FDF director general, described the progress as ‘positive’, particularly in relation to “citizens’ rights, and a time-limited transition period”.“The FDF has long supported a transition period of at least two years,” he said. “Transition must not be open-ended, but its end point will depend on how quickly the nature of our future trading relationship with the EU is confirmed.“Some food and drink businesses will be ready earlier than two years, but transition must not end until the bulk of the industry is ready and we have confidence in the systems on both sides of the Channel. Food and drink manufacturers are now looking for serious reassurance from Government that it will not press ahead at any economic cost and that it will be flexible if systems – particularly customs – are not ready in 21 months’ time.”However, chief Brexit negotiator Barnier yesterday confirmed there was a “lot of work still to be done” on subjects including the Ireland and Northern Ireland border.Wright insisted that negotiations must avoid a hard border on the island of Ireland, where ingredients, finished products and workers cross the border many times a day.“Until the appropriate technological solutions can be found, then the option of a regulatory backstop must be left on the table,” he said. “We hope that European leaders will give the green light on Friday for talks to formally move onto our future relationship with the EU – food and drink’s most important trading partner.”
Source: Benjamin C. M. BackhouseThe nation’s bakers, brands and manufacturers are gearing up for Christmas 2020, unwrapping a host of festive sweet and savoury bakery NPD.There are seasonal spins on year-round favourites, such as McVitie’s Digestives, new twists on Christmas classics, like stollen and Christmas cake, plus bakery treats for those looking for vegan-friendly or gluten-free options as well.Retailers including Marks & Spencer, Waitrose, Aldi, Tesco and Asda have already revealed their plans for the occasion.Here’s our pick of the festive bakery offering for 2020: Source: OggsChocolate Celebration Cake, OggsOggs is serving up what it describes as a great alternative to a traditional Christmas cake in the form of its Chocolate Celebration Cake. The vegan-friendly chocolate sponge is filled and topped with chocolate fudge frosting and finished with chocolate curls, edible stars and festive gold shimmer. It’s available in Waitrose with an rsp of £8.00.The vegan brand has also brought back its handmade mince pies for 2020. Made without any eggs or butter, they’re described as ‘brimming’ with mincemeat and topped with a pastry star. They cost £2.50 for a pack of four and are available in Sainsbury’s. Source: St Pierre GroupeApple Stollen, Baker StreetSt Pierre Groupe’s Baker Street brand has added a three-strong stollen range to its portfolio for the festive period. There’s the Apple Stollen Loaf, Marzipan Stollen and Stollen Bites which are all made to an authentic German recipe, according to the brand.The range has secured a national listing in Tesco – a first for the Baker Street brand which St Pierre describes as a staple of the convenience sector.This NPD comes off the back of research which found that 53% of consumers buy stollen to share with friends and family at home, while 30% have it as a snack.“Our research showed that almost 50 per cent of consumers are buying Stollen over the Christmas period and eating it for various occasions, which is why we’ve introduced two different formats,” said St Pierre Groupe co-founder Jeremy Gilboy.“Securing a Baker Street listing in Tesco is a fantastic achievement and will help drive further exposure for the brand. Year on year growth shows we’re up 34 per cent in value sales, which is as strong an argument as any that we are a must-stock for retailers nationwide.” Source: Benjamin C. M. BackhouseChristmas Collection, Hummingbird BakeryLondon’s Hummingbird Bakery has unveiled its Christmas range for 2020, which features a host of vegan and ‘made without gluten’ treats as well as festive cupcakes and whole cakes.Its range includes:Christmas Chocolate Piñata Cake: a chocolate sponge with chocolate frosting topped with a star design and sprinkles, filled with M&Ms in 6” or 8” (£42.95/£62.95)Christmas Tree Vanilla Cake: a green and red coloured vanilla sponge with vanilla frosting and Christmas tree sprinkle design in 6” or 8” (£37.95/£57.95)Reindeer Rainbow Cake: a vanilla rainbow sponge with chocolate frosting or vanilla rainbow sponge with vanilla frosting topped with a reindeer design in 8” (£64.95)Vegan Christmas Red Velvet Cake: a vegan red velvet sponge with cream cheese frosting topped with a snowman design in 6” or 8” (£34.95/£54.95)Christmas Cupcake Selection Box: a box of six festive cupcakes (£19.95) Source: PladisSeasonal Milk Chocolate Digestives, McVitie’sMerry McVitie’s! That’s the message from brand owner Pladis as it gives its classic milk chocolate Digestives a festive makeover. New to the scene for 2020 are Christmas pudding and gingerbread Milk Chocolate Digestives in seasonal packaging for an rsp of £1.50 per pack.“This year we’re taking the range one step further by giving some of our bestsellers – McVitie’s Digestives and McVitie’s Jaffa Cakes – a festive transformation, offering retailers the chance to take an even bigger bite out of the £161 million seasonal sales opportunity,” said Jonathan Bull, head of McVitie’s commercial and seasonal brands at Pladis UK&I.Jaffa Cakes have also been given a festive twist by adding seasonal flavour cranberry to the treat. The Jaffa Cakes Orange & Cranberry comprise the signature sponge, coated in milk and dark chocolate with an orange and cranberry jelly, for an rsp of £1.20 a pack.McVitie’s is also looking to celebrate its 180th anniversary with a celebratory heritage tin. Described as its ‘most premium offering’ in this year’s seasonal line-up, it’s filled with a selection of 28 biscuits.Previous Christmas favourites are also returning to shelves in the form of McVitie’s Victoria and Family Circle biscuit assortments, White Chocolate Digestive Nibbles and the Jaffe Cake Pole. Source: Wrights Food Group/M&SReady-To-Bake Mince Pies, Wrights Food Group for M&SA warm mince pie fresh from the oven is something truly special. Marks & Spencer (M&S) is helping its consumers capture this moment by partnering with Wrights Food Group on ready-to-bake frozen mince pies. Available in a pack of six, the mince pies comprise all-butter shortcrust pastry with a rich mincemeat filling of sultanas, Vostizza currants and raisins.Wrights also worked with M&S to develop a Plant Kitchen Vegan Sticky Toffee Pudding. Sold frozen, the pudding has a lightly spiced sticky toffee sponge and is topped with a salted caramel sauce.Both products were launched at the start of October following six months of development.“Wrights Food Group, with almost a century of food development, manufacture and distribution expertise have proved themselves the perfect partner in helping us bring to market a high quality vegan sticky toffee pudding – to rival any alternative luxury offer – and a truly exceptional, all-butter pastry frozen mince pie which gives consumers the opportunity to indulge in that important ‘bake at home’ experience,” said Rebecca Robinson, M&S buyer – frozen
[Video: Kevin Ciesielski]John Mellencamp, Full Farm Aid Performance [Video: Vintage Mellencamp] [Video: Farm Aid]Neil Young, “Cortez The Killer”[Video: Farm Aid]Neil Young, “Human Highway”[Video: Farm Aid]Neil Young, “Comes A Time”[Video: Farm Aid]Neil Young, “Heart Of Gold”[Video: Farm Aid]Neil Young, “Cinnamon Girl”[Video: Farm Aid]Neil Young, “Like A Hurricane”[Video: Farm Aid]Neil Young, “Rockin’ The Free World”[Video: Farm Aid]Dave Matthews & Tim Reynolds, “Odds Are Against Us” Farm Aid 2017 | Burgettstown, PA | 9/16/2017 | Photo: Sam Watson Back in 1985, Willie Nelson, Neil Young, and John Mellencamp joined forces and organized the first-ever Farm Aid, with Dave Matthews joining the organization in 2001. The long-running nonprofit concert series seeks to raise awareness about the loss of family farms and to raise funds to support farming families, and since its inception has raised more than $50 million dollars. Over the weekend, on September 16th, Farm Aid returned once again to Burgettstown, Pennsylvania, just outside of Pittsburgh, bringing with it an all-star one-day lineup featuring Nelson, Young, Mellencamp, and Matthews in addition to Sheryl Crow, Jack Johnson, The Avett Brothers, Nathaniel Rateliff & The Night Sweats, Margo Price, Blackberry Smoke, and more.Dave Matthews Debuts New Song, And Neil Young Returns To The Stage At Farm Aid [Video]The charitable music benefit played host to a number of outstanding musical moments. During Dave Matthews set with Tim Reynolds, Matthews debuted a new song called “Odds Are Against Us.” After noting that he had written the song recently and that he had just played it for Reynolds, Matthews warned, “Let’s see what happens” before diving into the new tune. Farm Aid also saw a fiery performance by Neil Young, who has been canceling the majority of his appearances due to illness (including his scheduled appearance to induct Pearl Jam into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) and who hasn’t performed publically for the majority of this year save a cameo appearance during Willie Nelson’s set at Stagecoach in April.You can watch Dave Matthews and Tim Reynolds debut “Odds Are Against Us,” plus watch the majority of the performances by Neil Young and John Mellencamp below. You can also check out a photo gallery by Sam Watson capturing some of the magic that went down at this year’s Farm Aid.Neil Young, “Fuckin’ Up” Load remaining images Photo: Sam Watson Photo: Sam Watson
Load remaining images On Monday, Dead & Company, the Grateful Dead spinoff band featuring former Dead rhythm guitarist and vocalist Bob Weir and Dead drummers Bill Kreutzmann and Mickey Hart, continued their 2018 summer tour with the first of two San Francisco Bay Area hometown shows at the Shoreline Amphitheatre in Mountain View, CA. The band, rounded out by lead guitarist and vocalist John Mayer, bassist Oteil Burbridge, and keyboardist Jeff Chimenti, arrived at home facing high expectations after a pair of standout shows in Washington and Oregon over the previous weekend, with the former featuring a 70s’-only set and the latter featuring a second set comprised of late 60s classics along with an unusually direct homage to the Grateful Dead’s legendary show in nearby Veneta, OR on August 27th, 1972.But just like their parent band was so wont to do, Dead & Company came out and played a strong show that demonstrated the depth and diversity of their strengths, deploying a setlist which focused much more heavily on Bob Weir/John Barlow songs, with a first set pulling from all eras of the Dead and a second set which, on paper looked like it was from 1983…and it was all led by a locked-in, focused and driven Bob Weir.As the band took the stage just before 7:30, anyone sitting on the stage right section of the venue would had a hard time missing the large “FUCK CHARUCKI” banner that had been hung in the wings on stage left as a tribute to the gruff-on-the-outside, heart-of-gold-on-the-inside Chris Charucki, Bob’s longtime stage manager and production manager who passed away in April.The band wasted no time with pleasantries or warm-up songs, dropping nearly half an hour of Mutron pedal-based funk on the attentive crowd with “Feel Like A Stranger” followed by the tour debut of “Dancin’ In The Street”, using the Dead’s late 70’s “disco” arrangement. After Bob led the vocal charge on each song, the lengthy instrumental passages in each were highlighted by John walking over to face Bob and playing leads that afforded Weir the opportunity to play “rhythm co-leads” in his distinct style with great results. Meanwhile, Oteil’s lickety-split bass lines during the jam in “Dancin’” managed to keep pace with the John and Bob show, and the fact that he was noticeably higher in the mix than usual served to highlight his contributions here and elsewhere throughout the night.Dead & Company – “Feel Like A Stranger” [Pro-Shot][Video: nugs.tv]The following song, “It Hurts Me Too”, the recently-revived Elmore James-penned classic that was sung by Ron “Pigpen” McKernan in the early 70s was a glaring genre (and tempo) switch, but John’s bluesy vocals and tasteful solo set the table for the set’s most delicate song: the Jerry Garcia/Robert Hunter deep cut “If I Had The World To Give”. It was only performed three times by the Dead in 1978 before being shelved but has found new life as a current-day “Oteil song” with Dead & Co, as the bassist’s smooth vocals preceded a nice end-of-song solo by Mayer.Dead & Company – “It Hurts Me Too”[Video: Borrowed Tune]Next up was “Corrina”, a 90s-era Dead song that has long been a source of contention for many Deadheads. However, “Corrina” actually plays to the strengths of Dead & Company. Gone are the electronic samples, tinny keyboards and strained backing vocals from the early 90’s Grateful Dead versions—the Dead & Company rendering has an easy-rocking flow to it and sands off the harder edges of the original. Once again, during the mid-song jam, John moved in close to Bob and play a lead that set Bob up to play a nice “rhythm co-lead” that was well-received, even amongst those who might still struggle with the song itself.Mayer then took over for the set’s highlight, a version of “They Love Each Other” that featured a nice Jeff solo on the Hammond B3 organ before John closed the song out with a truly spectacular solo, in which a couple of clear stylistic nods to Eric Clapton preceded several full-on power chords with dramatic arm flourishes—yet another example of John Mayer taking an old song to a new height. The set closed with a solid version of “Throwing Stones”, completing an unusual choice of songs for a band that relies heavily on the Garcia/Hunter section of the Grateful Dead catalog: 3 Weir originals, 2 covers, 1 Garcia staple and 1 Garcia deep cut.Dead & Company – “Throwing Stones”[Video: Gregory Marcus]The second set picked up right where the first set left off, with two of Bob’s most complex “signature” songs appearing in their traditional back-to-back pairing. “Lost Sailor” and “Saint Of Circumstance”, both from the Grateful Dead’s 1980 Go To Heaven LP, remain an endearing mini-symphony. All of the pairing’s various twists and turns and corners and changes over the space of 16 minutes eventually led to “Sailor” being dropped from the Dead’s repertoire in 1986 and “Saint” making less frequent appearances during the Dead’s final decade, outside of Bruce Hornsby’s 2-year tenure with the band. Tonight, however, the sequence was performed flawlessly, with nary a missed vocal by a band that was intently following Weir’s direction and subtle cues.Dead & Company – “Lost Sailor” > “Saint of Circumstance” [Pro-Shot][Video: nugs.tv]“He’s Gone” followed, and this version was immediately set apart by its slightly faster tempo, which maintained the tight, professional vibe that was already in abundance at Shoreline. Bob’s vocal delivery was more straightforward than usual, and the closing jam remained a bluesy affair that was augmented by John dropping in a few lines of falsetto vocals while images of Charucki and Pigpen flashed on the screens behind the band.Dead & Company – “He’s Gone”[Video: Borrowed Tune]Instead of transitioning into the expected “Truckin’” or “Smokestack Lightning”, the “He’s Gone” jam wound down to allow the opening chords of “Help On The Way” to burst through the PA to a huge cheer. Once again, the band made one of the more complex songs in the repertoire look easy as John made his way through the verses and led the band into “Slipknot”, where it became his turn to shine. Over the space of several minutes of jazz-based improv, John reached into his bag of tricks to offer up his own distinct finger-picking alongside Eddie Van Halen-style finger taps, Steve Howe-style sliding chords, and maybe even a Jerry Garcia-style run or two in the space of four minutes, all while Weir provided harmonic counterpoint with taut riffing of his own. The song’s closing jam was also played at a noticeably faster tempo and led to the expected “Franklin’s Tower”, which allowed band and crowd to cut loose with some three-chord rock ‘n’ roll happiness for 13 minutes, including a brief reprise of the “If I Had The World To Give” theme by Jeff and John as Oteil looked on, smiling broadly.Dead & Company – “Help On The Way”[Video: Gregory Marcus]Dead & Company – “Slipknot!” > “Franklin’s Tower”[Video: Gregory Marcus]Oteil quickly doffed his bass and joined Billy and Mickey for the “Drums” interlude, and the trio set up and maintained an insistent, tribal beat for much of the segment before leaving Mickey alone to rattle the venue when he kicked and shook The Beam. The distinctive instrument’s monochord continued to ring out as Hart walked off, leaving the stage completely empty for a bit until the guitarists and Jeff returned to craft a sparse, mellow, four-minute “Space” that recalled the Dead’s more minimal 80’s versions.From there, the band led into another signature choice from the Bob Weir catalog, “The Other One”, a short-and-sweet version that featured Oteil’s take on the famous bass intro and a distinct bluesy version of the jam that usually falls between verses, though the band would forego the song’s second verse. Like the rest of the set that came before it, this version was tight and focused. While it didn’t hit one of those huge peaks that are known to happen in this song, it didn’t need to, as the sheer cohesion onstage did the trick all by itself.“Wharf Rat” followed as the expected ballad, highlighted by two searing Mayer solos at its conclusion, and “Not Fade Away” brought the 99-minute set to a close with the help of a couple call-and-response solos between John and Jeff. And even though it was now past 11:00 pm, the band was allowed to return to the stage and knock out a “Touch Of Grey” encore to wrap things up.This was a standout night for Bob Weir, who drew much more heavily from his own catalog of songs than usual and delivered a forceful performance to match. On top of that, a look back through Deadbase revealed that tonight’s second set content was one song away from being identical to the Grateful Dead’s Binghamton, NY show from April 12, 1983, a highlight (and a widely circulated tape) from the “Dirty 80’s” era when Bob had to carry the band at times. Coincidence? Yes, of course…but a fitting one nonetheless.Check out a gallery of photos from night one at Shoreline Amphitheater below via photographer Matt Rea.Dead & Company returns to Shoreline Amphitheater to close our their two-night stand tonight, Tuesday, July 3rd. For a full list of Dead & Co’s upcoming dates, head here.Setlist: Dead & Company | Shoreline Amphitheater | Mountain View, CA | 7/2/18Set One: Feel Like A Stranger, Dancin’ In the Street, It Hurts Me Too, If I Had The World To Give, Corrina, They Love Each Other, Throwing StonesSet Two: Lost Sailor > Saint of Circumstance > He’s Gone, Help On The Way > Slipknot! > Franklin’s Tower > Drums/Space > The Other One* > Wharf Rat > Not Fade AwayEncore: Touch of Grey*Verse 1A full soundboard recording of the performance is available via Nugs.net.Dead & Company | Shoreline Amphitheater | Mountain View, CA | 7/2/18 | Photos: Matt Rea Photo: Matt Rea Photo: Matt Rea
Cattle rancher-turned-Internet freedom pioneer, John Perry Barlow teamed up with Grateful Dead guitarist Bob Weir to write some of the famous jam band’s most beloved songs during their partnership over the years. Those songs will fill the air at New York’s Brooklyn Bowl next month as part of an all-star benefit concert announced on Wednesday.The one-night event is being branded as “The Songs of Barlow & Weir” and will take place on February 7th, marking a more celebratory spin on the one-year anniversary of Barlow’s death in early 2018. The show will include performances from members of the Terrapin Family Band (and many more) including Jason Crosby, Grahame Lesh, Ross James, Alex Koford, San Francisco Giants pitcher Jake Peavy, Talking Heads‘ Jerry Harrison (and his daughter Aishlin), Josh Kaufman, Elliott Peck, and Rachel Ana Dobken, just to name a few. The benefit concert will also look to raise money in support of the Freedom of the Press Foundation, a non-profit which Barlow co-founded back in 2012 to fund and support free speech and freedom of the press.Some of the fan-favorite Grateful Dead and Weir solo tunes which Barlow co-wrote during the two’s nearly career-spanning partnership included “Estimated Prophet”, “Cassidy”, “Looks Like Rain”, and “The Music Never Stopped”. There’s been no mention as to whether or not Weir will make a surprise appearance at the event, but ya never know when it comes to the magic of the Grateful Dead. Fans can turn on and tune in to the video below for a look back at a similar fundraising event at Brooklyn Bowl which took place back in December 2016.The Songs of Barlow Concert – Brooklyn Bowl – 12/14/2016[Video: Relix]Speaking of Weir, the guitarist was in Hawaii recently to ring in the New Year alongside some of his Dead comrades with their Rising Up To Paradise two-night NYE events. He’ll rejoin his Dead & Company bandmates in a few weeks for their annual Playing In The Sand destination event down in Mexico starting on January 17th.Tickets for the Barlow tribute show at Brooklyn Bowl next month are on sale now via the venue’s website.[H/T Relix]
In the world of Facebook, Instagram and other forms of photo-based social media, the social justice issue of facial recognition technology and an individual’s privacy is at hand, Saint Mary’s senior Kimberly Orlando said during last week’s Justice Friday event.Orlando said she first became aware of the issue after reading about Download Festival — a music festival in the United Kingdom — where many attendees unknowingly had their faces scanned and cross-examined with the UK’s digital base and criminal records.As she learned more about the issue, Orlando read about the 2001 Super Bowl in Tampa Bay, Fla. — an event called the “Snooper Bowl” by some.“They scanned everyone in attendance at that Super Bowl … and from that, 19 people were identified for very petty crimes,” Orlando said. “No one was arrested, nothing came of this, but people went insane when they found out this happened. There were mixed reviews as to whether fans knew they were under surveillance.”Such events raise the question of how much consent should be required to use facial recognition technology, Orlando said.The issue is becoming more and more prevalent as the technology gets increasingly accurate, she said, because the idea behind the technology is not super new. In fact, people have been playing around with computer recognition since the 1960s.The Viola-Jones algorithm allowed this area of study to take off in the 2000s, Orlando said. The results of this algorithm and deviations of it are present in everyday examples, such as the tiny square that identifies a face when taking a picture through a digital camera.“It’s a rough estimate of how computers will map a face by taking little points on your face. Supposedly these distances between points will be different on every person’s face,” she said. “With that, you can run an algorithm to give you a unique number based on the proportions of your face. … If you like crime shows, this is usually what you see when they have a face in their database and they take a sample image and try to compare the two. That’s basically what this algorithm tries to do.”Since its development, the algorithm has been widely used. Now, Google has an algorithm that can identity you with 99.63 percent accuracy; Facebook is at 97.25 percent, and the U.S. government’s accuracy is somewhere between 50 percent and 85 percent, Orlando said.The difference between the government, Facebook and Google stems from the data these entities are using, she added.“Google and Facebook have a lot of images of us,” Orlando said. “Facebook has around 250 billion photos — as of a year ago — with 350 million more uploaded every day.”Orlando said the U.S. government only has straight-on mug shots, while Facebook has photos from all directions, in different light settings, with odd shadows and across wide ranges of time. In this way, Facebook is provided with everything needed to match a random photo to a face.“We only have a Fourth Amendment against search and seizure,” Orlando said. “If the U.S. government wants, they can ask Facebook to protect photos of you in order to make their facial recognition better.”On a positive note, this technology can be used in helpful ways, Orlando said. Casinos can use it to track gambling addicts; companies such as Master Card, which develop credit cards, can use the face associated with each credit card number to limit fraud and track down criminals.However, this technology could also mean law enforcement uses information and tagged photos from Facebook to issue warrants, Orlando said.“And with the U.S. government, there are no laws that once they take the photos, they can’t keep them,” she said. “Those photos are in their database in case you do something again.”Orlando said this technology isn’t just limited to high ranking citizens. It can be used by anyone — including two individuals in Russia who developed a mobile app called FindFace using information from a Facebook-like Russian social media site.“FindFace lets you take a photo of a person passing by, checks it against the database and then you can discover that person’s real name,” Orlando said. “There were people who would try to find a girl’s name so they could ask her on a date … silly things like that, that could change into stalking.”In the U.S., the big concern is the lack of federal laws regulating scans being taken of your face, Orlando said, although Illinois and Texas have laws against using this technology to identify people without their informed consent.“Illinois is trying to lobby right now to change their existing law to make it so only in-person scans need consent,” she said. “So, Facebook wouldn’t apply anymore, Instagram wouldn’t apply anymore. … A lot of people are guessing Facebook is behind the lobbying because if this change were to happen, the person with the most to gain would be Facebook.”In connection with this issue, someone sued Facebook and the case will be going to trial, Orlando said.People need to be aware of the permissions they grant when agreeing to the fine print on app contracts, she added, and also need to be aware of this issue to consider if and how this technology violates a balance of security and liberty.Tags: Facebook, facial recognition technology, Google, Justice Friday
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Reuters:Denmark is moving forward with plans to build an artificial island tying in power from offshore wind farms of up to 10 gigawatts (GW) of capacity, more than enough to supply all households, as part of efforts to meet ambitious climate change targets.Denmark is home to wind turbine giant Vestas and the world’s largest developer of offshore wind, and recently approved a law which targets reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 70% by 2030.Denmark covered 41% of its electricity demand from wind energy in 2018, the highest level in Europe.The project is crucial to meet Denmark’s legally binding climate act, one of the world’s most ambitious, which was passed by a broad majority in parliament on Friday. But the plans could cost as much as 200-300 billion Danish crowns ($29.5-44.2 billion), the vast majority of which will be financed by private investors, according to the ministry.Denmark, which has a population of around 6 million, has set aside 65 million crowns to research how the energy coming into the hub can be stored or converted into renewable hydrogen as all the power generated will not just be used by domestic customers. It hopes that new technology will make it possible to replace fossil fuels with renewable energy in sectors such as transport and industry. [Stine Jacobsen]More: Denmark plans $30 billion offshore wind island that could power 10 million homes Denmark moves forward with plan for 10GW of offshore wind